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Mapping Progress in Women's Right in Nepal
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The Government of Nepal has accepted 96th out of 135 recommendations provided by the UN Human Rights council in Nepal's 2011 UPR. Since this time, progress has clearly been made as result of concerted effort by sections of the Government, which is demonstrated in the table below. Several normative and legislative framework has been adopted to advance women's rights and gender equality and there is currently a bill before the Nepali Parliament that seeks to amend 32 discriminatory laws. Nepal also has adopted a National Action Plan on UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820, which was developed as a result of an inclusive and transparent process, and was the first NAP formulated in South Asia. Women's participation in political and decision-making structure has overall been increasing in Nepal and, currently, women fill approximately 29% of seats in Nepal's Constituent Assembly, Women constitute 11.5% of representatives at the ministerial level and 4.5% of the Nepal judiciary. There has also been a 14% increase since 2007 in the representation of women in the civil service. A 45% quota has also been allocated for women and socially excluded groups in the appointment of police, armed police and the Nepalese army, out of which 33% has been allocated specially for women. In relation to resources allocated to gender equality and women's empowerment, the Government has taken significant steps towards greater gender equality by increasing its directly gender responsive budget allocated from 11.3% in 2007-08 to 21.93% in 2014-15. It has also allocated some targeted budgets to local communities, which includes a 10% allocation for women's leadership at the community level. The coverage of social protection schemes has also seen expansion in Nepal and, if Social Security Bill and National Employment Policy are approved, this will have a considerably positive impact on women working in the formal sector. In relation to women's health, Nepal has made substantial progress in reducing the maternal mortality rate and maternal and young child micronutrient status has also improved. Finally there has been advancement in Nepal in the enrollment of girls at different levels of education and in the female literacy rate. The girl to boy ratio in primary and secondary level education is now 0.99 and the female literacy rate has increased to stand at 57.4% in 2014.
UNWOMEN ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 UNWOMEN : Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
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