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UNICEF Nepal Working Paper Series, WP/2014/001 - Cost Of Infaction - Child And Adolescent Marriage In Nepal
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Nepal’s transitioning population pattern has produced favorable demographic conditions characterized by declining dependency ratios and expanding working-age population. This demographic environment represents a window of opportunity for Nepal's long-term path of economic growth. However, acceptable levels of investments and a mix of sound policies are required to improve productivity and upward mobility in production chain for Nepal to reach its full potential.With a prevalence of child and adolescent marriage at 28.8 percent in Nepal, this paper examines and estimates national economic loss in terms of potential cash flow from labour market that could have been generated had girls delayed their marriage until the age of 20. The model developed for this purpose traces a cohort of married girls age 15-19 over the next 36 years. Under a set of conservative assumptions, the cost of child marriage considered only from the labour market perspective is estimated to amount to 74,498.53 million Nepalese rupees (NRs). This represents 3.87 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2014. It is important to understand how this number can be interpreted. It does not mean that if Nepal’s girls delay marriage until age 20 the country will immediately gain 3.87 percent of GDP. However it does suggest that if girls delay their marriage until 20 years, the possible cash flow over their productive years will be on average higher than seen in the current situation. Discounting the differential between these cash flows amounts to 3.87 percent of GDP, a very large number in economic terms. As education contributes to increasing productivity of labor force, child marriage significant constraining factor to education outcomes-has substantial policy implications. Consequently the study focused on educational deprivation and consequent loss in earnings as a result of child and adolescent marriage. However, child and adolescent marriage has other important costs in areas of health, mortality, psychological deprivation among others. This fact, coupled with the conservative assumptions used in the study, give grounds that the study’s estimate only represents a lower bound to the possible far higher cost of child and adolescent marriage in Nepal.
Publisher:
UNICEF ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
ACCESS TO EDUCATION, RESEARCH ON WOMEN, INFANT BORNS, LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION, CLUSTER SURVEY, HEALTH, MORTALITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPRIVATION, SPOUSES DIVORCE, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION, PARENT-CHILD RELATIONS, SINGLE-PARENT FAMILIES, EMPLOYED FEMALES, DECOMPOSITION, ADOLESCENT MARRIAGE, SEX AND WEALTH QUINTILE, CHILD MARRIAGE, SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION, DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE, ECONOMIC PROFILE
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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