United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Initial National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
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Nepal, along with over 150 other nations, signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development(UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. Nepal ratified the Convention on 2nd May in 1994, and this convention came into force in Nepal on 31st July in 1994. Nepal’s decision to become a Party to the UNFCCC was both urgent and timely, and compiling a GHG inventory is an essential commitment of the country. National inventory of anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas emissions by sources and removal by sinks was compiled for the 12 month period beginning July 1994 and ending June 1995 as the base year to match with the official fiscal year of Nepal and to be in line with the recommendation of the Conference of the Parties of UNFCCC for the reference year. The Revised IPCC guidelines of 1996 were followed as the methodological basis for estimating GHG emissions and sinks while conducting this national GHG inventory. In accordance with the IPCC Guidelines, Nepal's GHG inventory is divided into five main
categories: Energy Activities, Industrial Processes, Agriculture, Land-use Change and Forestry, and Waste Management. National GHG inventory represents emissions data for three gases having direct Greenhouse effects: Carbon dioxide, Methane and Nitrous oxide. This Initial National Communication sets out Nepal's obligatory contribution to international efforts to address Climate Change issues as a Non-Annex-I Party. It provides an overview of National Circumstances that influence Nepal's capacity to respond to the problem, and
describes the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Mitigation Options. This
Communication also discusses developments with regard to Vulnerability/Impact and Adaptation issues, Policies and Measures taken, and the areas where Nepal still lacks the capacity to address Climate Change problems. Technology transfer is an important mechanism to assist developing countries like Nepal to
address Climate Change appropriately. Unfortunately, such a system suffers from lack of initiative on the part of developed countries. However, financial support and favorable terms and conditions could facilitate transfer process and facilitate more access to appropriate technologies to recipient countries. Nepal as a country with no fossil fuel deposits has a vast potential for renewable energy like hydro-power, biomass and wind. Hence, country is well placed to meet most of energy needs from emission free sources. Because of this, Nepal is in comfortable position to take advantage of the global concern over Climate Change and CDM when Kyoto protocol charts a course towards clean energy mechanism development and sharing among the parties. Nepal needs to prepare a host of projects that will be eligible for CDM, and set up national procedure for the certification of emission reduction trading. Hence, coping with the challenge of Climate Change more effectively requires both financial and other forms of “soft and hard assistance” such as technical training, research support, public education, and pilot project development and management aid from Parties of convention and other development agencies. In this connection phase II of Climate Change enabling activities to be approved by GEF is anticipated to provide the opportunity for Nepal to do exercises for assessment and identification of appropriate technologies required for adaptation purposes.
Publisher:
UNEP/UNDP ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
CLIMATE CHANGE, RAINFALL VARIABILITY, HEALTH SECTOR, BIOMASS LOSS, SOIL EROSION, METHANE EMISSION, DOMESTIC LIVESTOCK, SOLID WASTE, BIODIVERSITY, ENERGY AND FORESTRY SECTOR, MITIGATION MEASURES, NATURAL FOREST SECTOR, GREENHOUSE GASES, CLIMATOLOGY, LAND-USE CHANGE, SEA LEVEL, WEATHER MODIFICATION, HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
16.07.00  -  Meteorology
Reference Link:
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