United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Layers of Silence: Links between women's vulnerability, trafficking and HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh, India and Nepal
PDF File Size: 794 KB | Download   
The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development(UNRISD)is an
autonomous agency engaging in multidisciplinary research on social dimensions of contemporary problems affecting development. The Institute attempts to provide governments, development agencies, grassroots organizations and scholars with a better understanding of how development policies and processes of economic, social and environmental change affect different social groups. Working through an extensive network of national research centres, UNRISD aims to promote original research and strengthen research capacity in developing countries. At the end of 2001 there were over 5 million people living with HIV/AIDS in South Asia region, according to UNAIDS estimates. Of these, nearly four million were living in India, where number of new infections is expected to double every 14 months if appropriate actions are not urgently undertaken. Other countries of South Asia, including Bangladesh and Nepal, have rapidly grown epidemics. Gender, age and transmission via sex are key elements in dramatic increase of the epidemic in the region. The fastest rate of new infections is in age group 15-24, and the epidemic is expanding rapidly among women, many below 18 years of age. An estimated 35% cent of the HIV positive people in the region are women and girls, and numbers are growing as result of their socio-economic, cultural and biological vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. This vulnerability is rooted in limitations imposed by socio-economic and cultural conditions on the control which women have over their life circumstances and choices, including sexual circumstances. These same underlying factors also heighten the vulnerability of women and girls to being caught in the growing web of trafficking in the region, taking them into situations which remove the last vestiges of choice, violate their human dignity and security, and further increase the risk of exposure to HIV/AIDS. This paper examines the underlying factors of the dual vulnerability of women and girls in India, Bangladesh and Nepal, both to trafficking and to HIV/AIDS, and the particular vulnerability to HIV/AIDS of those who are trafficked into prostitution. Both trafficking and HIV/AIDS occur in South Asia in a climate of denial and silence at all levels. There's prevailing silence about violence against women and girls, particularly domestic violence, and silence about their circumstances, including the abuse and exploitation they often face in their living and working environments in the process of earning a living. This silence manifests itself in a denial in families and communities and in society at large that trafficking of women and girls is taking place. At the same time there is silence and unwillingness to acknowledge that HIV/AIDS epidemic is a major development challenge and that HIV positive people are in our midst in increasing numbers and need our care and concern, as well as protection of their rights. There is silence and lack of societal acknowledgement of behaviours that make people vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, and sex itself, which makes it difficult to address HIV prevention or talk about trafficking into prostitution. This silence is aiding and abetting the epidemic, allowing it to spread, and at same time perpetuating trafficking. Voices are being raised across the region to break these layers of silence, and initiatives are being taken to address both HIV/AIDS and trafficking. The commitment from governments is reflected in SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating the Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution, which has recently been
signed.
Publisher:
UNRISD/UNDP ,   (2002 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES AND VIRGINITY, CULTIVATION, SOCIAL DISCRIMINATION, EMPLOYMENT, INCLUSION OF WOMEN, LEGAL STATUS, TRAFFIC IN PERSONS, SOCIAL STATUS, WOMEN EMPOWERMENT, FOCUSED GROUP DISCUSSION, ABSOLUTE POVERTY, PROSTITUTION, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, ABUSE AND EXPLOITATION, TRAFFICKING, HUMAN RIGHTS, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS, MULTI-DISCIPLINARY RESEARCH, WOMEN AND GIRLS, BIOLOGICAL VULNERABILITY, TRANSMISSION VIA SEX, EPIDEMIC, HUMAN DIGNITY, SOCIAL GROUPS
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
14.01.00  -  Advancement Of Women
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
643  times viewed
3  times downloaded.
Feeder: DEEPIKA DHAKAL , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
HIV/AIDS and Human rights: Young People in Action
NEPAL- Who is Assessing / Monitoring What, Where? (Jan '07 - Apr '08): Eastern Development Region
Time to Intensify Efforts for HIV/AIDS Services
Report Card HIV Prevention for Girl and Young Women
Report of the Strategy Planning Meeting March 25-28, 2003 Biratnagar
ILO-DFID Partnership Programme on Fair Recruitment and Decent Work for Women Migrant Workers in South Asia and the Middle East “Work in Freedom”
The Gender Audit of The Response To HIV in Nepal
National Policy On HIV/AIDS In The Workplace (2007)
Legal Reference Brief Nepal Protective Laws related to HIV, Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People
The Increasing Vulnerability of Children in Nepal
POSITIVE PROTECTION TRAINING MANUAL – PARTICIPANT’S HANDBOOK
From Challenges To Opportunities: Responses to Trafficking and HIV/AIDS in South Asia
Positive Protection: Empowering Women Affected By HIV To Protect Their Rights At Health Care Settings ( Training Manual – Facilitator’s Guide )
UN Inter-agency HIV/AIDS Assessment Mission Conducted Among Conflict-affected Populations and Displaced Persons in Nepal
Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
UNICEF Annual Report for Nepal
Creating a Healing Environment ( Volume I: Proceedings ) Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour
(NO FILE) Time to Intensify Efforts for HIV/AIDS Services
Health Sector Response HIV And AIDS In Nepal
जीवनका निमित्त पाठयोजनासम्बन्धी प्रतियोगिता सामग्रि
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Work In Freedom (ILO-DFID Partnership Programme On Fair Recruitment And Decent Work For Women Migrant Workers In South Asia And The Middle East)- 2015
Work In Freedom (ILO-DFID Partnership Programme On Fair Recruitment And Decent Work For Women Migrant Workers In South Asia And The Middle East- 2014
HIV/AIDS And Working Children in Nepal
Country profile -tThe HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in Nepal
A Study On The Socio-Economic Impact Of HIV/AIDS In Nepal
Children and AIDS Fifth Stocktaking Report
National Operational Plan For HIV/AIDS Control - (2003 - 2007)
एच आइ भी र एड्स सम्बन्धि जनकारिमुलक संगालो
UNESCO Office In Kathmandu Launches “HIV/AIDS And Education – A Toolkit For Ministries Of Education”
HIV/AIDS at the Workplace Programme - Internal Evaluation Report
United Nations Children's Fund
Promoting Gender Equality in the Humanitarian Response
In The Know- UNDP Nepal Newsletter-Issue 24, December 2008
Unified Budget and Workplan 2002-2003 - Performance report: Technical Supplement
Universal Access for Children Affected by AIDS in Nepal (UCAAN) UNICEF, FHI, NAP+N and USAID Initiate a Partnership
Understanding HIV and AIDS
Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention
National HIV/AIDS One-year Operational Plan -(2003-2004)
National Guidelines for Voluntary HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing
जीवनका निमित्त पाठयोजना " प्रतियोगिता
Resource Inflow For The HIV & AIDS Programmes In Nepal -2010
The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and The National Response In Nepal January 2003
Draft National HIV/AIDS Programme For Nepal (2003-2007)
Good Practices in "HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment for Female Drug Users, Female Prisoners and Women living with HIV and AIDS in Nepal"
UNGASS Country Progress report 2010-Nepal
How AIDS Changed Everything
How AIDS Changed Every Thing ( MDG 6: 15 Years, 15 Lessons Of Hope From The AIDS Response )
Stigma Fuels HIV: Reporting on the Campaign in Asia and the Pacific
जीवनका निमित्त पाठयोजनासम्बन्धी प्रतियोगिता सामग्री
Men Having Sex With Men And Tesro Lingi: HIV-Related Risks, Vulnerability And Social Networks In Five Study Sites In Nepal
Human Trafficking and HIV: Exploring Vulnerabilities And Responses In South Asia (2007)
Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
Getting To Zero: World AIDS Day
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACT SHEETS ON HIV/AIDS AND SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
UNODC: Promoting Health, Justice And Rule Of Law
National HIV and AIDS Action Plan 2008-2011
South Asia News Letter Volume Issue (2010)
UNGASS Country Progress Report Nepal 2010
Nepal HIVision 2020
HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge, Behaviours And Service Access Among Urban Young People Of Nepal
National AIDS Spending Assessment Report 2007- Nepal
Country Progress Report on HIV/AIDS Response NEPAL
National HIV/AIDS Programme (2004-2005)
UN Women Nepal Strategic Note 2018-2022 [YouTube]
The Education Sector Reseponce to HIV/AIDS in Nepal
UNHCR’s New HIV/AIDS Awareness Project For Conflict-affected Populations In Nepal
Participatory Planning and Management of HIV/AIDS-(NEP/97/003)-Mid Term Evalution Report
HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Attitude of Professionals of Nepal
An Assessment of the of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Nepal
NEPAL- Who is Assessing / Monitoring What, Where? (Jan '07 - Apr '08):Western Development Region
UNODC United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime
Study to track resource inflow for the HIV & AIDS programme in Nepal-2010
United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Nepal 2008-2012
Joint HIV Assessment Mission Of Conflict- Affected Populations In Nepal
Legal and Policy Concern Related To IDU Harm Reduction In SAARC Countries
UNICEF in Nepal (2008 - 2010)
Young People and HIV/AIDS
NATIONAL ESTIMATES OF ADULT HIV INFECTIONS NEPAL 2005
Ending AIDS: Nepal Presents Its Strategically Focused HIV Investment Plan
Report on the First Outreach Training Workshop for Men Who Have Sex With Men in Nepal
Evaluation Survey Report of 'HIV/AIDS at the Workplace Program'
Strategic Communication - For Behaviour and Social Change in South Asia
Community Test and Treat Competence Through Public-Private Partnerships in Nepal
National Estimates of ADULT HIV Infections Nepal - 2003
A Study on Knowledge, Attitudeges, Practices and Beliefs the Context of HIV/AIDS Among Out -Of - School -Street Based Children in Kathmandu and Pokhara
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Press Release on World AIDS Day 2017
Work in Freedom program in Nepal- Project Phase 2
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Nepal Multiple Indicator Survey (NMICS) 2014
The People Living with HIV Stigma Index Nepal 2011
एच आई भी र एड्स तालिम निर्देशिका
World Food Programme
World Bank
Regional Fact Sheet 2012
New UNAIDS Report Shows HIV Epidemic at Critical Juncture in Asia-Pacific Region
National HIV Testing and Treatment Guidelines 2017, Nepal
In the Know-UNDP Nepal Newsletter-Issue 12, December 2007
Reproductive Health Research Policy Brief Number 18, January 2014
100 result(s) found.