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Human Development Report 2014, Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience
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The 2014 Human Development Report—Sustaining Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience—looks at two concepts which are both interconnected and immensely important to securing human development progress. Since the United Nations Development Programmers(UNDP) first global Human Development Report (HDR) in 1990, most countries have registered significant human development. This year’s Report shows that overall global trends are positive and that progress is continuing. Yet, lives are being lost, and livelihoods and development undermined, by natural or human-induced disasters and crises.However, these setbacks are not inevitable. While every society is vulnerable to risk, some sufer far less harm and recover more quickly than others when adversity strikes. Tis Report asks why that is and, for the frst time in a global HDR, considers vulnerability and resilience through a human development lens. Much of the existing research on vulnerability has considered people’s exposure to particular risks and is often sector-specific. This Report takes a different and more holistic approach. It considers the factors which contribute to risks to human development and then discusses the ways in which resilience to a broad group of evolving risks could be strengthened. This approach is particularly important in our interconnected world. While globalization has brought benefits to many, it has also given rise to new concerns, manifest at times as local reactions to the spillover effects of events far away. Preparing citizens for a less vulnerable future means strengthening the intrinsic re silence of communities and countries. This Report lays the groundwork for doing that. In line with the human development paradigm, this Report takes a people centered approach. It pays particular attention to disparities between and within countries. It identifies the ‘structurally vulnerable’ groups of people who are more vulnerable than others by virtue of their history or of their unequal treatment by the rest of society. These vulnerabilities have often evolved and persisted over long periods of time and may be associated with gender, ethnicity, indignity or geographic location to name just a few factors. Many of the most vulnerable people and groups face numerous and overlapping constraints on their ability to cope with setbacks. For example, those who are
poor and also from a minority group, or are female and have disabilities, face multiple barriers which can negatively reinforce each other. The Report considers the way in which vulnerabilities change during our lives—by taking a ‘life cycle approach’. Unlike more static models, this analysis suggests that children, adolescents and the elderly each face different sets of risks which require targeted responses. Some periods of life are identified as particularly important: for example, the first 1,000 days of a child’s life or transition from school to work or from work to retirement. Setbacks at these points can be particularly difficult to overcome and may have prolonged impacts. Based on analysis of the available evidence, this Report makes a number of important recommendations for achieving a world which addresses vulnerabilities and builds resilience to future shocks. It calls for universal access to basic social services, especially health and education; stronger social protection, including unemployment insurance and pensions; and commitment to full employment, recognizing that the value of employment extends far beyond the income it generates. It examines the importance of responsive and fair institutions and increased social cohesion for building community-level resilience and for reducing the potential for conflict to break out.
Publisher:
UNDP ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
HUMAN RESOURCES, LIFE CAPABILITIES, DIGNITY OF WORK, SOCIAL INCLUSION, CONFLICT, YOUTH EXCLUSION, INCOME INEQUALITY, DIGNITY OF WORK, SOCIAL COMPETENCIES, POPULATION TRENDS, INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION, MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY INDEX, GENDER INEQUALITY INDEX, GLOBAL THREATS, PERSONAL INSECURITY, HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND YOUTH, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES, SOCIALIZATION, QUALITY OF LIFE, BASIC NEEDS, ECONOMIC GROWTH, HUMAN SECURITY, SOCIAL WELFARE, VULNERABILITY
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
02.04.00  -  Development
Reference Link:
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