United Nations
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Trafficking In Person Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
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Trafficking is a major form of human rights violation. To combat this, Nepal ratified various constitutional and legal provisions at the national and international levels such as inter-country agreements like SAARC Convention, Convention on Suppression of Trafficking of Women and Exploitation of Others for Sex work, ILO 1978, 1989 and others including CEDAW. Convention on the Rights of Children (CRC) still serves as the legal instrument to mobilize the commitment for combating trafficking and thereby protecting and promoting the
human rights of the vulnerable and rescued trafficked people. Trafficking in Person Report 2005, USA states that an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 men,
women and children are being trafficked across international borders each year and approximately 80 per cent are women and girls and up to 50 per cent are minors. Due to lack of responsive commitments, inadequacy and ineffectiveness in the laws, trafficking in person especially of women and girls has been increasing. Because of its invisible nature, the criminal network for the trafficking of women and children is expanding with new outlets and methods. Once a country of origin has now become the country of transit and destination,
Nepal has been listed as the country of origin among others with severe trafficking problems. As a signatory to various UN conventions and Declarations on Human Rights, specific women rights and child rights for dignity, equality and justice for all, Nepal has the full responsibility to rehabilitate the trafficked survivors, protect the vulnerable and prevent people, especially women and children from being trafficked in order to lead a life with
human dignity. Due to persistence of discriminatory socio-cultural norms, practices and laws, poverty and lack of access to resources, lack of skilled knowledge necessary for gainful employment, many women and children in Nepal become easy prey of false promises of traffickers. The political conflict in the country since 1996 has also been responsible for people disappeared,
killed and internally displaced. This has made the people of Nepal and especially women and children even more vulnerable to trafficking. Once trafficked, these helpless Nepalese women and children have to live in exploited situation and forced slavery, face the lives with fear and insecurity and bonded with debt. These vulnerable groups undergo serious physical and sexual harassment thereby straining physical and mental health. It is estimated that 60 per cent of the victims of trafficking are involved in sex work and remaining 40% are in severe exploitative works like circus, embroideries, Camel Jocking and organ transplant. Studies also show that traffickers take 75% of the total income from the trafficked, and only 25 per cent going to the victims of trafficked.
Publisher:
NHRC/UNDP ,   (2005 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
TRAFFICKING, CHILDREN AND WOMEN, SALE OF CHILDREN, BORDER, MIGRATION, URBANIZATION, GLOBALIZATION, MASS MEDIA, RESQUE, RESETTLEMENT, LAW ENFORCEMENT, YOUTHS, CULTURAL RIGHTS, CONFLICT, SOCIAL WELFARE, SAFETY AND SECURITY, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, EXPLOITATION, CHILD PROSTITUTION, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS, HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION, SOCIO-CULTURAL NORMS, DISPLACED, POVERTY, DISCRIMINATION, GENDER BASED VIOLANCE, SEX WORK, ORGAN TRANSPLANT, VICTIMS, RIGHT TO LIVE, HUMAN RIGHTS
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
Reference Link:
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