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Nepal Country Programme Evaluation - Alleviating Rural Poverty in a Fragile Environment
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Nepal,the poorest country in Asia, has a fragile natural resource environment and governance framework.The population of 30.49 million is ethnically and culturally diverse and mainly concentrated in rural areas. The economy is
dominated by the agricultural sector which accounts for over one third of gross domestic product (GDP)and employs more than two thirds of the population. During the period 1999-2012 covered by the country programme evaluation (CPE), Nepal was able to reduce poverty levels a notable achievement in the face of moderate economic growth, internal armed conflict and political instability. Poverty reduction was mainly driven by increased remittances, greater connectivity and urbanization, and a decline in the dependency ratio. Remittances now account for more than 20 per cent of GDP and ensure the food security of many households. However, poverty remains acute and problems of food security and malnutrition persist.Since 1978, IFAD has supported 13 projects in Nepal and provided a total of US$146 million in loans and grants. An initial CPE was carried out in 1998 to review IFAD’s partnership with Nepal from the outset in 1978 until 1998. The second CPE was undertaken in 2012 by the Independent Office of Evaluation of IFAD to evaluate the partnership during the period 1999-2012. Over the evaluated period, the partnership was guided by two country strategic opportunities programmes (COSOPs), the first of which was developed in 2000 and the second in 2006. During this period, IFAD’s support focused on: (i) rural poverty alleviation through three integrated agricultural and rural development programmes; (ii) leasehold forestry through two programmes that also included rural finance; and (iii) a more recent programme targeted at agricultural value chain development along road corridors. IFAD also approved some important country-specific grants to pilot pro-poor value chain development in areas of armed conflict.These grants were implemented by NGOs,which were better able to work in the target areas than government agencies.
Publisher:
IFAD, UNDP, WB ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
COUNTRY PROGRAMME EVALUATION, ALLEVIATING RURAL POVERTY, GLANCE, FRAGILE ENVIRONMENT, COUNTRY STRATEGIC, CULTURE OF IMPUNITY, ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE, CONTINGENCY FUNDS, TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT, PERMANENT MISSION, EDUCATION AND SKILLS, GOVERNANCE, SOCIO-ECONOMIC RELATION, ARMED CONFLICT, WOMEN PARTICIPATION, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, SOCIAL JUSTICE, LEASEHOLD FORESTRY, RURAL FINANCE, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, RURAL INDUSTRIES, RURAL EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Thematic Group:
 IFAD : International Fund for Agricultural Development
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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