United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
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This is the second time adult HIV cases for Nepal has been estimated using available data on the four epidemic regions namely, Kathmandu valley, highway districts, Far-Western hill districts and the remaining hill districts. Kathmandu valley has the highest epidemic scenario as HIV among injecting drug users(IDUs) s quite high and HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) and
female sex workers (FSWs) also is high. Labor migrants and their spouses in the Far-Western hill districts are emerging as highly effected population sub groups by the epidemic. Compared to about 60,000 adult HIV cases estimated for 2003, the current estimate of 70,000 for 2005 has increased by about 10,000. Of this, about two in five cases are estimated to be in the highway districts. About 20 percent cases are women. Among the high-risk groups, seasonal
labor migrants contribute almost 46 percent of the HIV cases followed by 19 percent clients of sex workers and about nine percent IDUs. About 17.5 percent of HIV cases are women from rural areas of Nepal. Relatively better data were available in the recent years for the estimation of HIV cases. However,
data gaps have been felt. Particularly, estimation of the size of the population in risk groups needs to be improved. Existing surveillance among female sex workers, IDUs and MSM need to be geographically expanded. HIV/STI studies to estimate the HIV prevalence among general male and female populations need to be conducted. Existing HIV data generated from blood
banks and TB programs could be utilized as a secondary source of HIV data in the general male population with some refinements. Finally, it is concluded that database should be strengthened and such estimation exercise should
be conducted regularly so that it could continuously serve as a basic document for developing a National HIV/AIDS strategy and for national HIV/AIDS program monitoring and evaluation purposes.
NCASC, FHI/Nepal, USAID ,   (2005 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Thematic Group:
10.03.02  -  Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
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