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A Resource Material on Education and Federalism in Nepal
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In Nepal, the drafting of the first constitution of the Federal Republic of Nepal by the Constituent Assembly is underway and it is expected to be completed by the end of 2014. During the writing process of the constitution, the question of state restructuring has remained the most contested issue, which also includes the modality of federalism.
The benefits of Federalism are that it can provide a governmental form safeguarding against the threats of centralized exploitation, historically embedded exclusions and discrimination against marginalized sections of the population. It is also expected that the federal model of government maintains the decentralized opportunistic behavior while bringing decision making closer to the people. In this light, any discussions about reforms in the education sector cannot ignore the fact that Nepal is soon going to become a federal country. Over last decade, there have been several studies carried out with regard to the different models and governance systems in the expected federal system in the country, including the division of powers among the different layers of governance structure, between national and local. Such discussions often include, among others, the issues like, decentralized local governance; policies for regional development; coordination of fiscal policies; resource distributions, national security; etc. Although education is the central pillar of newly formed states, it has not been discussed with due care in Nepal. Therefore, UNESCO Office in Kathmandu has initiated to develop a monograph series which focuses on different areas of education. This publication is one of the outcomes of the initiative compiling such monographs by education experts.
This volume contains six papers commissioned by UNESCO Office in Kathmandu to ignite and orient the discussions on education in the context of federalism. A similarity of the here published papers is their approach to reflect on the experiences of other federal countries, as well as, to offer some practical recommendations. However, it has to be pointed out that these are working-papers.and thus these should be treated rather as
discussion-papers to advance the discourses in a broader range and to further refine the concepts and approach. In other words, this publication can also be utilized as a resource toolkit.
The first paper Federalism and Education in Nepal Mapping of Ongoing Initiatives analyzes the existing education provisions in Nepal as regard to the degree of decentralization of education planning and provision.
The second paper in this volume The Role of the Federal Government in Education—A Comparative Study presents cases from some of the federal counties, such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, South Africa, Australia, Canada, the U.S.A, and discusses ways to plan effective delivery of education in a future federal state.
The third paper Teacher Management and Development in Federal System of Government in Nepal offers some evidence-based information on teacher management and development for public school system.
The fourth paper Free and Compulsory Education in Federal Nepal concerns the successful implementation of free and compulsory education, which may demand a strong political commitment, consensus and active participation from and among all education stakeholders.
The fifth paper Financing Education in Nepal under the Federal System talks about the financing education.
The sixth paper Education in a Federal Context in Nepal proposes two sets of principals, first a general one which basically deals with the effective decentralization policy, for which federalism is one model; second, a particular one that relating to the real issues of ensuring quality education accessed by all in the new education system in the federal structure.
UNESCO/UNPFN ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Thematic Group:
 UNESCO : Educational, Scientific and Cultural
11.01.00  -  Educational Policy And Planning
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