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Peace Through Development: How does Nepal’s ‘Three-Year Plan’ deliver on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement? - Issue 49
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The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 21 November 2006 heralded the beginning of a new chapter in Nepal’s history. Although it is a political document signed between the Seven-Party Alliance and the Maoist
party to carry out a series of political and security transitions—such as cease hostilities, manage arms and armies and end the 10-year armed conflict—the CPA commits Nepal to a profoundly ambitious agenda of political, governance, economic and social transformation. In many ways, the CPA can equally be viewed as a ‘checklist’ of long-term development priorities, vital for creating a just society and achieving a sustained peace. Six years since the signing of the CPA, Nepal remains in the midst of its very complex transition. ‘Business as usual’ approaches to development are not enough in these circumstances and more is required of development instruments and actors to work at the heart of peace-building. The government’s ‘periodic plan’ is one such instrument as it defines the medium-term development priorities and goals of the country. In order to advance the CPA’s transformation agenda, it is imperative that Nepal’s periodic plans have good alignment with the CPA.This Field Bulletin looks at how core priorities identified in the CPA are featured in Nepal’s current Three-Year Plan. Overall, the Three-Year Plan shows strong alignment with the CPA. The Plan is particularly focused on promoting social inclusion, equitable growth, employment generation and good governance, though concrete targets or activities are often not specified. Attention to rule of law, respect for human rights, land reform and considerations for state restructuring are also included in the Plan, but to a much lesser extent. Action towards transformation of the security sector, on the other hand, is largely missing. The most important question, which still awaits an answer when the Plan concludes in July 2013, is whether or not progress has been achieved against these priorities? Even more so, will the
next periodic plan maintain the existing momentum to push Nepal’s development efforts further into the core peace-building agenda of the CPA? With much talk of the ‘logical conclusion of the peace process’ arriving imminently, this
may not be a given, despite the long-term agenda laid out in the CPA.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
PEACE, DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABLE PEACE, DECONSTRUCTION, SECURITY SECTOR TRANSFORMATION, DEVELOPMENT POLICY, REHABILITATION, WOMEN EMPOWERMENT, STATE RESTRUCTURING, POLITICAL CHANGE, POVERTY REDUCTION, SOCIAL INCLUSION, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION, THREE YEAR PLAN, EMPLOYMENT GENERATION, EQUITABLE GROWTH, SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION, ECONOMICAL TRANSFORMATION, HOSTILITY
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
01.03.00  -  Maintenance Of Peace And Security
Reference Link:
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