United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Causes of Landlessness in Kanchanpur and Dadeldhura Districts - Issue 45
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The issue of land lawlessness - people without land registered in their or their family’s name- is recognized as a contributor to rural poverty, social injustice and local conflict. According to a recent study, more than half of
Nepal’s rural population does not own enough land to cover their day-to-day needs and about a tenth of the population has no land at all. The unequal distribution of land is also considered one of the root causes of the
decade-long conflict. The Maoists ‘40-Point Demands’ to the then-Government of Nepal (GoN) included for example that “land under control of the feudal system to be confiscated and distributed to the landless and homeless and for land belonging to certain classes of people to be confiscated and nationalized”. In 2006, the signatories of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)agreed “to implement a scientific land reform program [and abolish] feudal land ownership”. These commitments were reiterated in the 2007 Interim Constitution and various subsequent political agreements. Moreover, both preceding Unified Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist (UCPN-M) and Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) led-governments established a land reform commission during their tenure. However, despite these efforts, no reform policies have been adopted to date.
Continued lack of progress on land reform could pose a significant hurdle in the completion of the peace process and threat to peace and development in Nepal. There are still several thousand landless people who
continue to demand equal distribution of land or adequate compensation for the loss of their land, as reflected by a number of effective Bandhas and other kinds of protests called by landless groups in the first half of this year.
Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
LAND ADMINISTRATION, LAND POLICY, LAND TAX, LAND TENURE, LAND USE PROPERTY RIGHTS, REAL PROPERTY, RIGHT TO OWN PROPERTY, RURAL POVERTY, POVERTY, PRIVATE PLOT, LOCAL CONFLICT, REHABILITATION, LANDLESS PEOPLE, FEUDAL AGRICULTURE, LAND REFORM, INTERNAL MIGRATION, INVESTIGATION, REMEDY, POLITICAL INTERVENTION, SOCIAL REFORM, SOCIAL JUSTICE, LABOR NEED
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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