United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Forests for Food Security and Livelihood Sustainability: Policy Problems and Opportunities for Small Farmers in Nepal
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In Nepal, many rural households need access to public forest resources to complement private resources for food and livestock production. However, current forest policies are largely directed at Environmental protection. The first part of this study identified the effect of current forest policy on livestock production using survey data from 259 households in three Nepal hill districts. The second part used a forestry-agriculture integrated model to examine alternative land use policies that could increase household livestock holdings and income while maintaining the environmental services of the community forest. The results show that current forest policies contributed to reductions in potential household livestock holdings by 34% for goats, 30% for cattle and 27% for buffalo. This exacerbated problems of farm fertility and food shortages in vulnerable and poor households. Modeling of alternative policy scenarios indicates that livestock holdings and income could both be increased for most households in communities practicing agro-forestry while still maintaining environmental protection. The increase could be highest for the poorest households. Finally, the article discusses potential implications of new environmental policies on local food security and sustainability in the country. Bhubaneswor Dhakal, Hugh Bigsby, and Ross Cullen.
#ForestsForFoodSecurity #ForestsForLivelihoodSustainability #ImportanceOfForestsResources
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
FORESTS, FORESTRY, ECOSYSTEMS, FOREST ECOSYSTEM, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD, FOOD PLANNING, FOOD POLICY, FOOD REQUIREMENTS, FOOD RESERVES, FOOD RESOURCES, FOOD SHORTAGE, FOOD SUPPLY, HUMAN SECURITY, RIGHT TO FOOD
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.00.0A  -  Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing
Reference Link:
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