United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Potential Development Interventions for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Nepal
PDF File Size: 303 KB | Download   
Fisheries have been practiced in Nepal for a long time and have a strong tradition in Nepal. Aquaculture is a relatively new activity and was started in early 1950’s. Over the past 20-25 years there have been a significant increase in the production of fish and the annual per capita fish consumption have increased significantly from 0.330 kg per person per year in 1982 up to 1.753 kg per person per year in 2006. There is some export of fish and the export is increasing but still not high. Fisheries and aquaculture is not a main agricultural activity in Nepal but it is an important supplement to the daily food in rural areas. The Nepal Agriculture Perspective Plan (APP) has categorized fisheries and aquaculture in Nepal as a small but important and promising sub-sector of agriculture contributing about 2.47 percent of agricultural gross domestic product (AGDP). Fish is considered as good luck (Sagun) in Nepal and is acceptable for consumption by all groups.
Nepal is divided into three geographical regions namely the high altitude and colder mountainous region along the northern border of Nepal, the moderate climate medium
altitude hilly region in the central part and the southern region, the Terai-plain with low altitude and warm climatic conditions. Nepal is the second richest country in the world measure against freshwater resources and possesses about 2.27 percent of the world fresh water reserves (CBS 2005). Please see Figure 1 which is an outline of the three regions. Rivers are one of the major source of capture fishery, contributing almost 50% of total captured fish production and a large number of fishermen and their families are involve in capture fishery which provide income and partial employment for them. Out of total 818 500 ha of total water surface area, about 6 000 rivers and rivulets cover 395 000 ha (or 48 percent). There are also some fisheries activities in the lakes especially around Pokhara valley but the main capture fisheries production is from the rivers. Fishing activities in irrigation channels, rice fields, swampy areas and ghols is also a significant source of capture fisheries production. Aquaculture is mainly done in the Terai-plain consisting of carp production in ponds. However, there are also aquaculture done in cages in lakes and reservoirs in the hilly region as well as raceway production of Rainbow trout also in the hilly region. There is about 11 100 have of scattered swamps and Ghols in the marginal forest areas in the Terai region. This land is considered waste land and not useful for agriculture activities. Irrigated rice field covers about 398 000 ha but rice-fish culture is done only 1 percent and is currently producing only 111 MT. Warmwater carp culture is the main practice and concentrated in the terai of southern region, though coldwater fish culture also started recently in small scale in the hilly region and has shown high potential for its promotion.
#Fisheries #Aquaculture #NepalAgriculturePlan
APFIC, FAO ,   (2008 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
1861  times viewed
39  times downloaded.

View Document History
Related Topics
Climate Change Adaptation in Fisheries and Aquaculture - FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1088
National Aquaculture Sector Overview Nepal
Implications of Climate Change on Fisheries and Aquaculture: Challenges for Adaptation and Mitigation in the Asia-Pacific Region
Report of the Expert Consultation on the Marking of Fishing Gear. Rome, 4–7 April 2016
Effort rights in fisheries management General principles and case studies from around the world. 17–20 September 2012. Bilbao, Spain
Report of the FAO Workshop on Implementing the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing on the Atlantic coast of Africa, Praia, Cabo Verde, 20 to 24 July 2015
Basic Texts Of The General Fisheries Commission For The Mediterranean
TCP/NEP/3303: Improving National Carp Seed Production System In Nepal
बायोसेक्युरिटी सचेतना तालिम पुस्तिका (मत्स्य क्षेत्रका कृषक तथा व्यवसायीहरूका लागि)
Identification Guide to Common Sharks and Rays of the Caribbean
Management Guidelines For Asian Floodplain River Fisheries
The Agriculture Sectors in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions: Analysis
Press Release of FAO Representation in Nepal ( 4 December 2014 )
Agricultural Technology For Development ( Seventieth session )
TCP/NEP/3402: Policy Assistance For Bio-Secure Agro-Food Supply Chain For Enhanced Market Access And Food Security For The Small Holding Rural Sector
Nepal Earthquake Executive Brief 15 May 2015
A Document of the International Fund for Agricultural Development
Cold Water Fisheries in the Trans-Himalayan Countries
Building Food And Nutrition Security Through Sustainable Agricultural Development
Public-Private Partnerships for Agribusines Development
The Assessor: Fighting Hunger Worldwide- Issue 43 (October – December 2015)
Policy Brief Civil Society collaboration in measuring impact of adaptation investments: the case of agriculture in Nepal
Access To Finance (A2F) officially starting in Nepal
On World Food Day, WFP Emphasizes Committment to Supporting the Most Vulnerable
स्थलगत बुलेटिन पाल्पा जिल्लामा दलित, मगर र कठिन उच्च जातका समुदायहरु बीच उदाउदो सम्बन्ध
Field Activities: Ginger project (23 March 2015, Jhapa)
Videos of FAO’s Assistant Director-General for Asia and the Pacific region Ms Kundhavi to project sites in Pokara, Nepal from 20-21 April 2019
Videos of FAO’s Assistant Director-General for Asia and the pacific region Ms Kundhavi to project sites in Pokara, Nepal from 20-21 April 2019
Videos of FAO’s Assistant Director-General for Asia and the Pacific region Ms Kundhavi to project sites in Pokara, Nepal from 20-21 April 2019
60 Years 1951-2011: Nepal-FAO Cooperation for a World without Hunger
Investigating the Structure, Magnitude and Trends of Capital Formation in and for Agriculture: Country Case Study of Nepal
NO PLACE LIKE HOME Discovering entrepreneurship in Khimti, Ramechhap [Youtube]
Articulating and Mainstreaming Agricultural Trade Policy and Support Measures-Policy Brief 6 – Highlights of the country case study – Nepal
Project Implemented By The Kathmandu Office National Project Nepal: Building Institutional Capacity Of The Nepal Press Institute To Offer High Quality Media Training
Integrating Agriculture In National Adaptation Plans
High Value Agriculture Project in Hill and Mountain Areas (HVAP) IFAD
President’s Report: Proposed Grants To The Republic Of Nepal For Adaptation For Smallholders In Hilly Areas Project (ASHA)
Nepal Agriculture Policy And Strategies For Poverty Alleviation And Food Security
Kisankalagi Unnat Biu-Bijan Karyakram (Improved Seeds for Farmers Programme)
FAO Nepal News Bulletin Number 01-January 2015
Institutional Capacity On Forest Tenure In Nepal Status, Gaps And Way Forward FAO
Nepal and FAO : Building Food and Nutrition Security through Sustainable Agricultural Development
Gender In Agriculture Sourcebook
Nepal-FAO Cooperation For a World Without Hunger (October 2011)
IFAD’s Engagement With Cooperatives: A Study In Relation To The United Nations International Year of Cooperatives- Evaluation Synthesis
FAO Nepal Newsletter Observance Of 36th World Food Day-2016
Nepal Earthquakes - Executive Brief 27 May 2015
Farmer Field Schools On Integrated Plant Nutrient Systems
Support to Financial inclusion in Nepal - 2014 - 2018- Through the "Access to finance" (A2F)
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 2 (Kailali District)
Nepal and FAO- Building food and nutrition security through sustainable agricultural development
Gender Equality Update. No. 13 Capacity Development Initiatives with local elected representatives
World Programme For The Census Of Agriculture 2020: VOLUME 1 Programme, Concepts And Definitions
Biosecurity Status of Food and Agriculture in Nepal
Promoting and Safeguarding Nepal’s Intangible Heritage: Workshop on Developing Safeguarding Plans, 21-25 November 2016
Project infosheet - P2P Support for Building Community Resilience through Recovery and Reconstruction in Nepal
Nepal Poverty Map
FAO Statistical Yearbook 2013- World Food and Agriculture
Cities of Opportunity: Partnerships for an Inclusive and Sustainable Future
THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL - Training for Rural Gainful Activities
Evaluation Quality Assurance System
Employment Expansion through Cottage Industries in Nepal: Potentials and Constraints
Nepal Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Nepal and FAO: Building food and nutrition security through sustainable agricultural development
स्थलगत बुलेटिन क्षेत्रीको पहिचान सम्बन्धि अवधारणा र संघियतासंग तिनको सम्बन्ध
Press Release of FAO Representation in Nepal (16 October 2014)
Pro-poor Policy Approaches to Address Risk and Vulnerability at the Country Level
Forest-reliant communities in Asia need policies to better protect their tenure, livelihoods and ensure their food security ( 12 February 2015 )
Support to National IPM Programme in Nepal - Consolidation, Up-Scaling and Institutionalization, Phase II (27 October 2008 – 31 January 2014)
Rural-Urban Partnership Programme [NEP/96/003]
Climate Change and Agrobiodiversity in Nepal: Opportunities to include agrobiodiversity maintenance to support Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
Economic Security of Women Migrant Workers; A Pilot Reintegration Programme: Making Remittance Work for Women
Indigenous Peoples and Sustainable Development
IOE Independent Office of Evaluation 2003-2013: Accountability and Learning for Better Rural Livelihoods (Number 24, May 2013)
Valuing Coastal Ecosystems as Economic Assets
Annual Report 2018 UNDP
Zero/Minimum Tillage In Rice-Wheat System In Nepal
Market Update, Issue 1 (December 2006)
Nepal and FAO: Building food and nutrition security through sustainable agricultural development
Building Institutuional Capacity Of The Nepal Press Institute To Offer High Quality Media Training
Agricultural development and agrarian structure in Nepal (Working Paper)
Heritage Impact Assessment of Tourism on Lumbini World Heritage Property
Nepal Agriculture Policy And Strategies For Poverty Alleviation And Food Security
Power to the people Syaurebhumi Grid Connection [Youtube]
Validated Technologies For Rice-based Systems of the Churia and Middlle Hills-Nepal
Nepal to Tap Promising Trade Potential -UNDP And Government launch Million-Dollar Project
UNNATI : Access To Finance ( A2F ) Project
Strengthening Of Community Seed Production Groups (CSPG) In Nepal
Final Assessment Of Key Effects- Monitoring Survey Records of Dhaulagiri Irrigation Development Project
Building Agribusiness Capacity of Smallholder Farmers to Market Safe Produce of Good Quality (TCP\NEP\3503)
Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity into Agricultural Production and Management in East Africa
Country gender assessment of agriculture and the rural sector in Nepal
Food and Agricultural Markets in Nepal
Nepal’s Ginger Farmers to be the Winners in Plans to Expand International Trade
Independent terminal evaluation:NEPAL Environmentally sound management and disposal of PCBs
FAO And The 17 Sustainable Development Goals
Facilitating A Sustainability Transition In Developing Countries: Proposal For A Global Advanced Research Project Agency For Sustainable Development
Country Strategic Opportunities Programme (COSOP) - IFAD Nepal 2013-2018
100 result(s) found.