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Study on Gender, Masculinity and Son Preference in Nepal and Vietnam
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Strong son preference in parts of Asia has led to serious discriminatory practices towards girls and women, with disturbing effects on their status,health and development. The significant male surplus in some populations resulting from the excess of male births since 1980 has an impact on the sex ratios at birth and subsequently affected the dynamics of marriage in several regions of this continent. The lack of women available for marriage has created further discrimination through increased violence against women, trafficking, abduction, forced marriages, or sharing brides among brothers as different practices in different countries. Girls who are born also face discrimination in their lives through unequal opportunities for health care, education and fulfilling their aspirations. This study on Men’s Attitudes towards Son Preference has arisen out of such concerns that have been observed in several Asian countries now for decades. This study was conceptualized and designed by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) in New Delhi and was implemented in partnership with two research partners in Nepal and Vietnam. In Nepal the study partner was Center for Research on Environment Health and Population Activities (CREHPA) and in Vietnam, the Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS).
The overall objective of this study is to understand the dimensions, nature and determinants of men’s varying attitudes to son preference and gender-based violence. The study adapted the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) survey tool to explore men’s attitude towards son preference. IMAGES is one of the most comprehensive surveys ever carried out on the attitudes and behaviors of men aged 18-49 years, on issues related to gender equality,including sexual and reproductive health, maternal health, gender-based violence and men’s participation in care-giving and family life. The household survey with men in both countries was carried out in July-August, 2011. In Nepal, total sample of 1000 men in the age group 18-49 were interviewed across three districts namely Dang, Gorkha and Saptari; in Vietnam the sample comprised of 1424 men from two districts namely Hung Yen in North and Can Tho in south.
#GenderrBasedViolence #ResearchOnSexPreference
AUS AID, ICRW, UNFPA ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 UNFPA : Population studies
14.02.01  -  Discrimination
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