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Literacies from a Multi Lingual Perspective: Learning from Tharu, Tamang, Newar, and Limbu language communities of Nepal
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Nepal is a land of multiple languages. Linguists have classified in terms of their literary traditions and orthography (their own scripts). Some languages such as Maithili and Newari have their own literary traditions, others such as Limbu and Tamang have their own orthography. In addition, there are some other languages which have neither literature nor orthography but do have a distinct oral tradition. Such languages include that of the Raute from the hills of Nepal and the language spoken by the Rajbanshi from the Terai (the plains
bordering India). Traditionally, literacy was taught in the home by members of the family or by scribes who taught the wider community. It was only in the late 1940s that the government started to finance literacy classes (Sharma, 2058 BS). This was systematized after the implementation of the first five year development plan (1954 – 1959). From then on HMG/N as well as other government and non-government agencies developed and implemented various literacy/NFE programes. However, it was I/NGO’s, following the establishment of political democracy in 1990, who advocated mother- tongue literacy in Nepal. Some of the
ethnic organizations and Indigenous People’s national organizations took the initiative in developing literacy and post-literacy materials. They also implemented mother tongue literacy programs in some parts of the country.
UNESCO/ ,   (2006 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Thematic Group:
 UNESCO : Educational, Scientific and Cultural
15.01.01  -  Language
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