United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Policy Advancing Option For Higher Education Improving Transition and Access to Higher Education in Nepal
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By and large, higher education in Nepal has been confined to a privileged class. There has been some change after the restoration of democracy in 1990. Now Nepal has entered a multi-university era to make education accessible to the people of various groups and regions. This study focuses on the importance of higher education with a view to enhancing the nation’s capacity in higher education in today’s highly competitive globalized market. The objective is to pinpoint the current situation of accessibility as well as equity in access that will help in framing the education policies in the future. The study started with a visit to different parts of the country to collect data, interview the people directly concerned and meet experts and specialists in education. The output is this comprehensive report on the magnitude of accessibility in terms of gender, age group, social group, and economic status which shows the various factors hindering access to higher education: social, economic, admission process, parental, and curricular. The study group believes it will help in understanding the problems in accessing higher education in Nepal and the factors limiting it to a few groups.
By reflecting upon the data and information obtained from both the primary as well as secondary sources, the study team has come up with certain policy options. Some of these policy options have immediate action, some others are intermediary, and others are long term in their priorities. Immediate policy options include awareness and advocacy, tutorial support, and improvement in physical facilities in educational institutions. Career counseling, student placement system, quota allotment for marginalized groups, multi-lingual material production, and reform in exam system are some other features of immediate policy options. Likewise, intermediary policy options cover the area of research and teacher training, financial support, curriculum update, and free schooling for the marginalized students. The study team has come up with long-term policy options too. They are food for education, work for education, and excess to superhighway, i.e., internet and email facilities. The study shows that irregularity is the problem of students. This reality demands Open Mode/Open School/Open University, and e-learning system, which eventually helps irregular students and the students of remote areas as well as working people willing to pursue higher education. The country is heading towards a federal system in which people opt for colleges and universities in their proposed federal provinces as well. In such a situation, there is a need of minimum number of colleges and universities in each province.
#HigherEducation #InclusiveHigherEducation
UGC, UNESCO ,   (2008 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Thematic Group:
 UNESCO : Educational, Scientific and Cultural
11.01.00  -  Educational Policy And Planning
Reference Link:
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