United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Maya Fact Sheet #1 Urban Mobility in Kathmandu - Status and Trends
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Nepal is one of the fastest urbanizing countries in Asia with more than 5% average growth rate (World Bank, 2012), and Kathmandu Valley (KV) is perhaps one of the fastest urbanizing cities. With increasing economic growth and rapid urbanization, the city has seen unprecedented growth in motorization. Increasing traffic congestion,road accidents,fossil fuel dependency,air pollution and carbon emissions have led to significant economic, environmental and health cost. Kathmandu is growing fast. In the absence of any coordinated plan for its development, the city is sprawling in a haphazard way creating problems in transportation, water supply, drainage and so forth.
Mobility is not just about developing transport infrastructure and services; it is about overcoming the social, economic, political and physical barriers to movement, such as class, gender relations, poverty, physical disabilities and affordability.
The towns of Kathmandu Valley have traditionally been built as compact settlements that encouraged walking and the use of public open spaces. In recent years, however, rapid and unplanned growth has led to urban sprawl with limited public space, deteriorating environment and chaotic traffic. The Valley with a population of about 2.7 million that is growing at 4.32 % per annum is one of the fastest urbanizing cities in Asia. The percentage of urban/built-up area had a noticeable increase, from 3% (2,010 ha) of the total land in 1967 to 25% (16,216 ha) in 2011 (Figure 2). During these two decades, population growth in the northern and southern areas outside of the Ring Road showed high growth rate of over 8% per annum. In 2022, population in KV is assumed to be 3.8 million, with an annual growth rate of 4.18%, which means a population increase of 57% since 2011 (MoPIT/JICA, 2012).
#FactSheet #UrbanMobility #Urbanization
Publisher:
CANN, UN HABITAT ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT, POPULATION, URBAN POPULATION, TRANSPORT, TRANSPORT POLICY AND PLANNING, HEALTH, POLLUTION, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, AIR POLLUTION
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
Thesaurus:
06.01.01  -  Transport Policy And Planning
Reference Link:
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