United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
MaYA Fact Sheet # 4 - Public Transportation in Kathmandu Valley, Restructuring and Reforming the System
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Public transport is a shared passenger transport service, which is available for use by anyone who pays the set fares. It generally operates on fixed routes and may include modes such as three-wheelers, mini/micro buses, buses, trolleybuses, trams, trains and ferries. Besides reducing congestion and air pollution by providing transportation services to a large number of people, high capacity public transport systems may also infuence the urban form and quality of life in cities. A good public transport system makes efcient use of urban space, provide efcient and afordable mobility, and access to work, school/colleges, social, recreation and economic activities. A standard bus occupies the same space that of two cars but carries almost forty times more passengers.
A major cause of concern in developing countries is that while urbanization continues to happen rapidly, the modal share of public transport is decreasing or remains stagnant. This is mainly because of lack of investment in the sector, weak regulations and poor quality of services. In the absence of a strong commitment by the government to provide an efficient formal public transport system, in many developing countries, private individuals or small companies provide informal public transportation services. These private operators are often driven by profits rather than public service. The situation is similar in Kathmandu, where over the past 10 years, population has increased by 4.32 % per year and motorization has increased by 12% per year (CBS 2011; DoTM, 2013) while the modal share of public transport has remained stagnant (MoPIT/JICA, 2012). The public sector service in Kathmandu Valley is fully operated by private sector and self-financed i.e without Government subsidies. The fare structures is set by government and is based on passengers kilometer travelled. However there is no regular monitoring and no system for regularly reviewing the fare.
#PublicTransportation #TransportationServices
Publisher:
UNHABITAT ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
TRANSPORT, TRANSPORT POLICY AND PLANNING, AIR TRANSPORT, COASTAL TRANSPORT, CONTAINER TRANSPORT, GOODS TRANSPORT, INLAND TRANSPORT, MARITIME TRANSPORT, MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT, NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT, PASSENGER TRANSPORT, RELIEF TRANSPORT, URBAN TRANSPORT, SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
Thesaurus:
06.01.01  -  Transport Policy And Planning
Reference Link:
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