United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
A Needs and a Capacity Assessment of Fire Preparedness in the Municipalities of Nepal
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Nepal is vulnerable to a variety of natural hazards, including earthquakes, floods, landslides, fires, thunderstorms, avalanches, and glacier lake outburst floods. The Tarai region suffers from numerous fire outbreaks in the dry and stormy season. The fire brigade in Nepal is the administrative unit with the primary responsibility for responding to fire responses. However, this institution is weak and fire engines are decrepit though the first fire station, Barun Yantra Karyalaya, was established by Rana Prime Minister Juddha Samsher Rana in 1937. Each municipality is directly responsible for its own fire brigade and all function under the aegis of the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD). The operational management of fire brigades, however,is extremely poor. To operationalise fire preparedness and mitigation in Nepal, some good initiatives in terms of fire preparedness and mitigation have been adopted by municipalities though few are well documented or implemented. MoLD approved the Fire Brigade Operation and Management Guideline of 2010.' Various community-based fire risk preparedness programmes which focus on strengthening the capacity of municipalities and communities to prepare for and mitigate fire risks are in place. Although Nepal’s urban populations have soared and municipal infrastructures have expanded greatly to meet their needs, the country has not adopted a comprehensive policy for fire risk management.

#Development #Socialaspects #EducationalDevelopment #RuralDevelopment
Publisher:
UNDP ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT,CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, GREEN ECONOMY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL ASPECTS
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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Feeder: ANJANA SHRESTHA , Editor: MALIKA THAPA , Auditor:

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