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Information Centre | Nepal
Standard Operating Procedures to Counter Cross Border Trafficking in Persons: India-Nepal
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India is a source, transit and destination for human trafficking. It is a destination for individuals trafficked from Bangladesh, which shares a controlled or regulated border with India and from Nepal, which has an open border with India. As far as Nepal is concerned, the provision of an open border between Nepal and India implies that nationals of either country do not require a passport or visa to cross over into each other’s territory. Every day thousands move across some of the trade and transit routes of the international border between the two Countries. Some of the important routes used by human traffickers include the Saunali border in the Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh (UP) and the Bairgania, Raxaul and Narkatiaganj borders in Bihar. Consequently, it is extremely difficult for the First Responders on both sides such as border guarding forces, civil police and NGOs working at the border, to identify / distinguish between a migrant and a victim of trafficking. Since parts of the Indo-Nepal border are extremely vulnerable to cross border trafficking, particularly from Nepal to India, it is critical to develop Standard Operating Procedures for the First Responders. To this end, the following document begins by outlining indicators and identification of a trafficked victim. It focuses on interception of possible victims of human trafficking and suspected traffickers at the border by First Responders including Border Guards, Police / Anti Human Trafficking Units, Non Governmental Organisations, Airport and Land Transport authorities, Immigrations authorities, Shelter Homes and Civilians. The document also outlines existing formal and informal repatriation processes between India and Nepal. This document also takes into account possible interceptions in the form of Case Examples, for an easy understanding of each of the procedures to be followed by First Responders at the border. The document thus aims at being straightforward in its approach of apprising First Responders of victim friendly procedures of interception along with best practices, to combat human trafficking across the Indo-Nepal border.
#HumanTrafficking #UNODC #IndoNepalBorder
Publisher:
UNODC ,   (2017 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
HUMAN TRAFFICKING, TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS, TRAFFIC IN PERSONS, PEOPLE SMUGGLING, FORCED PROSTITUTION, HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
Thematic Group:
 UNODC : Drugs and Crime
Thesaurus:
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
Reference Link:
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