United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
नेपालमा आदिवासी जनजाति महिलाको आर्थिक सशक्तीकरण
PDF File Size: 3.87 MB | Download   
नेपाल आफ्नो प्राकृतिक सुन्दरता, वन्यजन्तु र वनस्पतिका कारण परिचित
छ । वि.सं. २०६८ (सन् २०११) को राष्ट्रिय जनगणना अनुसार कुल
जनसङ्ख्याको ३५.८० प्रतिशत आदिवासी जनजातिसहित नेपाल पुख्र्यौली सम्पदा र
जातीय विविधतायुक्त देश पनि हो । नेपाल अहिले अल्पविकसित मुलुकबाट स्तरोन्नति
हुने क्रममा छ र अधिकांश आदिवासी जनजातिलाई प्रभावित पार्ने न्यून प्रतिनिधित्व र
सीमित सशक्तीकरणका विषयवस्तुलाई सामान्यतः सम्बोधन पनि गरेको छ तथापि नेपालको
यो सम्पन्नतामा गरिबी र भेदभावको धुमिल पक्ष पनि छ । विशेष चासोमा आदिवासी
जनजाति महिला रहेका छन् । उनीहरू कुल जनसङ्ख्याको १८ प्रतिशतभन्दा बढी छन् र
आफ्नो परिवार र समुदायका लागि महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निर्वाह गर्दागर्दै पनि ज्यादै
परम्परावादी पितृसत्तात्मक समाजमा आदिवासी जनजाति र अधिकारविहीन महिलाका
रूपमा सीमान्तीकरणको दोहोरो भेदभावमा परेका छन् ।
सन् २०१७ मा आयोजना भएको महिलाको स्थिति सम्बन्धी संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघीय महिला
आयोगको ६१औँ सत्रमा सदस्य राष्ट्रहरू तथा नागरिक समाजले कामको परिवर्तित
विश्वमा आदिवासी जनजाति महिलामा विशेष केन्द्रित भएर महिलाको आर्थिक
सशक्तीकरणका विषयवस्तुमाथि सम्बोधन गरे । आयोगले आदिवासी जनजाति
महिलाले सामना गर्नु परेका चुनौती र कठिनाइलाई सम्बोधन गर्न उनीहरूको
सशक्तीकरणमा केन्द्रित हुनुपर्ने आवश्यकता पहिचान ग¥यो । यसले आदिवासी
जनजाति महिलाको आर्थिक आत्मनिर्भरताका लागि सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक, नागरिक
र राजनीतिक संलग्नतामा सुधार गर्ने र अझ दिगो समुदायलाई प्रोत्साहित गर्न
उनीहरूको आर्थिक विकासको महत्वलाई स्वीकृत ग¥यो । यस कार्यले आदिवासी
जनजाति महिलाको अवस्थामा सुधार मात्र गर्दैन बरु राष्ट्रिय अर्थतन्त्रमा उनीहरूलाई
राम्ररी समाहित गर्न पनि योगदान गर्दछ ।

सन् २००७ मा संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघीय महासभाबाट आदिवासी जनजातिको अधिकारसम्बन्धी
संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघीय घोषणापत्र पारित भयो । यसको धारा २२ ले भन्दछ, “यस
घोषणापत्रको कार्यान्वयन गर्दा आदिवासी जनजाति वृद्ध÷वृद्धा, महिला, युवा,
बालबालिका र अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्तिहरूका अधिकार र विशेष आवश्यकताहरूमा
विशेष ध्यान दिइनु पर्दछ ।” यसका अतिरिक्त नेपाल आदिवासी जनजाति सम्बन्धी
आईएलओको महासन्धि नम्बर १६९ को पक्षराष्ट्र पनि रहेको छ । नेपालका ३५
प्रतिशतभन्दा बढी जनता आदिवासी जनजाति छन्, ती सामाजिक–आर्थिक र
राजनीतिक आधारमा सीमान्तीकरणमा नपरेको सुनिश्चित गर्ने दायित्व सरकारको
रहेको छ ।
सन् २०१५ सेप्टेम्बरमा नेपालले एजेन्डा २०३० र यसका दिगो विकास लक्ष्यहरूलाई
अनुमोदन ग¥यो । यसो गर्दा कसैलाई पछाडि नछाडिने सिद्धान्त र असमानतालाई
सम्बोधन गरिने कुराप्रति प्रतिवद्धता पनि नेपालले गरेको छ ।
माथि उल्लेख गरिएका सन्दर्भमा नेपालमा आदिवासी जनजाति महिलाको यथार्थ
स्थिति बुभ्mन र उनीहरूको आर्थिक विकासका चुनौती र अवसरहरूबारे अझ राम्रोसँग
थाहा पाउन राष्ट्रिय आदिवासी जनजाति महिला महासंघसँगको साझेदारीमा युएनडीपी
नेपालले“नेपालमा आदिवासी जनजाति महिलाको आर्थिक सशक्तीकरण”का सम्बन्धमा
यो अनुसन्धान गरेको छ ।
यस अनुसन्धानले पुख्र्यौली भूमि गुमाएको र वन तथा प्राकृतिक स्रोतहरूमाथिको
पहुँचमा बन्देज लगाइएको, कठोर पितृसत्तात्मक श्रम विभाजन, जग्गाको स्वामित्वका
मान्यता तथा निर्णय प्रक्रियामा सहभागिता लगायतका विषयवस्तु÷मुद्दाहरूको परीक्षण
गर्नेछ । आदिवासी जनजाति महिलाले उनीहरूका आफ्ना संस्कृति, परम्परागत सिप
र सम्पदाहरूलाई कायम राख्न, संरक्षण र प्रवद्र्धन गर्न सकून् भनेर उनीहरूलाई कसरी
राम्रोसँग सशक्त बनाउन सकिन्छ भन्ने सिफारिस गर्ने क्रममा यसले पर्यापर्यटनको
विकास र उच्च मूल्यका नगदे बालीको विकासलाई पनि सम्बोधन गर्नेछ ।
२०७२ असोजमा नयाँ संविधान जारी तथा सङ्घीयताको कार्यान्वयनले पनि नेपालमा
स्थानीय निकायको निर्वाचन लगायतबाट निर्णय प्रक्रियामा आदिवासी जनजाति
महिलाको सबल भूमिकाका लागि नयाँ अवसर प्रदान गरेको छ । आदिवासी
जनजातिले उनीहरूको आफ्नो जीविकोपार्जनमा राम्रो योगदान पु¥याउन र समुदायका
हरेक सदस्यका लागि उत्पादकत्व सुनिश्चित गर्न सक्छन् ।
#Empowerment #IndigenousWomen #EmpowermentOfIndigenousWomen
#9382 #11029 #pairing
Publisher:
NIWF/UNDP ,   (2018 )
Type / Script:
Publication in Nepali - नेपाली
Keywords:
DEVELOPING AREAS, ECONOMIC ASPECTS, ECONOMIC DEPENDENCE, ECONOMIC GAP, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC PLANNING, ECONOMIC SECURITY, DEVELOPMENT, AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT, LOCAL DEVELOPMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT, CAPACITY BUILDING, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, POLITICAL PARTICIPATION, POPULAR PARTICIPATION, PROGRAMME OWNERSHIP, RURAL WOMEN, SELF-HELPWOMEN, WOMEN'S EDUCATION, WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT, WOMEN'S ORGANIZATIONS, WOMEN'S RIGHTS, WOMEN'S STATUS
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
02.03.00  -  Special Economic Areas
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
60  times viewed
0  times downloaded.
Feeder: PRATIBHA DAWADI@GMAIL COM , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
NATIONAL SERVICES POLICY REVIEW
Economic Growth and Social Reproduction: Gender Inequality as Cause and Consequence
Industrial Development Perspective Plan: Vision 2020
NEPAL DEVELOPMENT UPDATE.Investing in People to Close the Human Capital Gap
Implementation in Asia and the Pacific of the Brussels Program of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2001-2010: progress made, obstacles encountered and the way forward Nepal
Economic analysis of animal Diseases
Economy Profile 2017
Economic Empowerment of Indigenous Women in Nepal
Urban Partnership Programme Annual Report 2001
Information Economy Report 2006: The Development Perspective
Capacity Assessment and Institutional Development Guidelines for MEDEP Supported Organization
Nepal Decent Work Country Programme 2018-2022
Economic And Social Survey Of Asia And The Pacific 2016: Nurturing Productivity for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development
Nepal Development Update
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume
Transformative Change
Micro-Enterprises, Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 1
Nepal Agricultural Policy and Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Food Security
Education, Training And Skills: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
A Manual for the Participatory Self-Monitoring and Evaluation of Micro-Entriprise Development Programme Nepal
Development Towards The Agricultural Sector
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 2 (Baitadi and Bagarkot VDC of Dadeldhura Districts)
Valuing The Contributions Of Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Report and Recommendation of the President of IFAD to the Executive Board on a Proposed Financial Assistance to the Kingdom of Nepal for the Leasehold Forestry and Livestock Programme
Financing For Sustainable Development In Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
Nepal Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Nepal and FAO : Building Food and Nutrition Security through Sustainable Agricultural Development
Lessons Learned: Nepal’s Experience Implementing Sustainable Rural Tourism Development Model of Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation Programme (APRIL 2007) #SustainableRuralTourism #ParticipationInTourismDevelopmentActivities #RuralDevelopment #TRPAP
Building Nepal's Private Sector Capacity for Sustainable Tourism Operations-A collection of Best Practices and Resulting Business Benefits
Combining Value Chain Development And Local Economic Development- ILO Value Chain Development Briefing Paper
Potential Development Interventions for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Nepal
From Conflict to Cooperation: Labour market reforms that can work in Nepal
PORTRAIT OF JEAN L. RIPERT, DIRECTOR- GENERAL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION
Industrial Development Perspective Plan:Vision 2020
#69 UN Essay 2015: My United Nations- A vision for the future
ASIA-PACIFIC HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT: POWER, VOICE and RIGHTS - A Turning Points for Gender Equality in Asia and the Pacific
CONCEPT PAPER ON PRSP/10th Plan
Promotion Of Research On Health Sector Reforms (3 April 1996)
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SURVEY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2017 - Governance and Fiscal Management
Labour Migrant Returning from Qatar
Way Out Of Informality:Facilitating Formalization Of Informal Economy In Nepal (WOI)
NEPAL’s CITIZENS CLIMATE BUDGET
GEF SGP COUNTRY PROGRAMME STRATEGY FOR OPERATIONAL PHASE 6 (2015-2018)
NEPAL Country Statement Delivered by Honorable Dr. Min Bahadur Shrestha Vice Chairman, National Planning Commission, and the Leader of the Nepalese Delegation
Jobs and Skills for Youth : Review of Policies for Youth Employment of Nepal
Nepal's Graduation Strategy from LDC Status by 2022
Evaluation Unit (EVAL): Employment Creation and Peace Building based on Local Economic Development
Green Jobs in Nepal
Designing Monitoring and Evaluation System for Micro-Enterprise Development Programme (Part One)
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 1
दिगो विकास लक्ष्यहरु
United Nations official lauds Nepal’s reforms
Proposed Loan and Grant to the Government of Nepal for the High-Value Agriculture Project in Hill and Mountain Areas
Final Assessment Of Key Effects- Monitoring Survey Records of Dhaulagiri Irrigation Development Project
Report Of The International Fund For Agricultural Development
Impact of Micro-Enterprise Development Programme on Poverty Alleviation Through Women Empowerment: A Case Study of Sunsari District 1
UN Newsletter - Vol. 1 (July 2008)
Nepal Labour Market Update
Country Diagnostics Studies Highlights - Nepal: Critical Development Constraints
UNCTAD’s Least Developed Countries Report 2019 – Launching Event
RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR RURAL LIVELIHOOD PROGRAMME(REAL)
Human Development Report 2016- Human Development for Everyone
74th UN Day 2019
World Employment Programme Research (Working Paper) Nepal Special Public Works Programmes: Modelling The Impact Of Irrigation Projects: An Experimental MIcro-Macro Approach To The Bhorletar
Support to Financial inclusion in Nepal - 2014 - 2018- Through the "Access to finance" (A2F)
Micro Enterprises, Development for Poverty Alleviation
Employment and Peace Building through Local Economic Developemtn (EmPLED ) : Dhanusa District L.E.D Stakeholders Entry- Point & Kick - Start Workshop ( 14 October 2007 )
The Impact of Agriculture-Related WTO Agreements on The Domestic Legal Framework inThe Kingdom of Nepal
Arts of Sustainable Development Goals SDGs
Women Economic Empowerment Requires Bold Action
United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Nepal 2008-2012
Country Diagnostics Studies - Nepal: Critical Development Constraints (2009)
World Employment Programme Research (Working Paper) Technology and Employment Programme - The Capital Goods Sector in Nepal: Present Position and Prospects
Economic Empowerment Of Women
OHCHR Releases FAQ on Discrimination, and ESCR
Agricultural Policy And Strategies For Poverty Alleviation And Food Security-NEPAL
Enhancing Employment- Centric Growth In Nepal,Situational Analysis For The Proposed Employment Policy, Government of Nepal
Maya Fact Sheet #1 Urban Mobility in Kathmandu - Status and Trends
GOVERNMENT AND UN SIGN STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FRAMEWORK FOR THE NEXT 5 YEARS PRESS STATEMENT
ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY 2014/15
GOVERNMENT AND UN SIGN STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FRAMEWORK FOR THE NEXT 5 YEARS
Rural Urban Partnership Programme
Micro-Enterprises, Development for Poverty Alleviation Volume I
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 1
Basic Agreement Between His majesty's Government of Nepal and The United Nations Capital Development Fund
Basic Agreement Between His majesty's Government of Nepal and The United Nations Capital Development Fund
Costs and benefits of eliminating child labour in Nepal
The Informal Economy & Workers In Nepal ( June 2004)
#64 UN Essay 2015: My United Nation: A vision for future
The Macroeconomy and Health Sector Financing in Nepal : A Medium-Term Perspective
NATIONAL SERVICES POLICY REVIEW
NATIONAL SERVICES POLICY REVIEW
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
Human Development Report 2019
SDGs in Nepal Goal 9 : Info-graphics
THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL - Training for Rural Gainful Activities
Facilitating A Sustainability Transition In Developing Countries: Proposal For A Global Advanced Research Project Agency For Sustainable Development
UNDP Support to the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 8: Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth
Impact Assessment of Micro-Enterprise Development Programme (MEDEP)
Developing Policy Towards Agricultural Sector
100 result(s) found.