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Child Soldiers for Adult Wars: Exploitation in Nepal and Sri Lanka
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ILO Convention No. 182 on Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) defines the forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict as an unconditional worst form of child labour. The Convention stipulates that each member State shall identify and reach out to children at special risk; shall take all necessary measures to prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour; and design and implement programmes of action to eliminate the worstforms of child labour as a priority. Employing the same principles, the “Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict”entered into force in 2002. It outlaws the involvement of children under the age of 18 in hostilities. Unfortunately children are still actively recruited for war - as combatants, messengers, porters, cooks and as providers of sexual services to those who engage them in war. Some are forcibly recruited or abducted; others are driven to join by feelings of insecurity, abuse and discrimination. An estimated 300,000 child soldiers — boys and girls under the age of 18 who are involved in more than 30 conflicts worldwide,1 including conflicts in half a dozen Asian countries.

#Rights #ChildRights #ChildLabourElimination #ProtectionOfChild
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2006 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
CHILD SOLDIERS, CHILD RIGHTS, CHILD LABOUR, SECURITY, WORKING CONDITIONS, CHILDREN, ARMED CONFLICTS, TRAINING, DUTIES, TREATMENT, BASIC NEEDS
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
12.06.00  -  Special Categories Of Workers
Reference Link:
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