United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Violence Against Children in Nepal
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In 2002, a pioneering study was conducted by CWIN and Save the Children Norway- Nepal (SCNN) among school children and out-of-school children in order to identify; their level of understanding of child sexual abuse; and the prevalence of child sexual abuse among them. Since the study was limited to the Kathmandu Valley, and since child sexual abuse cuts across class, caste, and geo-graphic location, a second phase study was developed by CWIN and UNICEF. The aim of this second phase study was to achieve a fairly representative survey on the level of understanding of child sexual abuse and the prevalence of different forms of sexual abuse among children outside the capital. The study was conducted in four districts namely Surkhet, Kaski, Chitwan, and Morang representing the four development regions. A questionnaire survey was administered to 4,100 students from grade five to ten in government and private schools from Pokhara, Narayanghat, Biratnagar and Birendranagar municipalities and their immediate outskirts. The research also included a qualitative part - mainly focus group discussions with children in difficult circumstances such as street children and squatter area children and children in non-governmental institutions from the same areas. Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been recognized as a social malaise, prevalent within and outside the homes and among all socio-economic strata in the South Asia region (ROSA,2001). Child sexual abuse exposes a child to severe mental, physical and psychological risks with consequences such as depression, fear and low self-esteem. But, as a social problem it still remain as unexplored area. In the last few decades commercial sexual exploitation of children has received much attention but child sexual abuse is yet to receive due attention from the concerned authorities. While dealing with the issue of CSA, the lack of reliable information at national and regional levels has been one of the clear limitations. With reports often based on secondary information, an urgent need was felt to collect systematic quantitative and qualitative information on the issue. The Yokohama Global Commitments (2001) and the South Asian Strategy Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Child Sexual Abuse (200) endorsed by all South Asian countries also stressed the critical need for research and awareness raising on the issue of child sexual abuse in the region.

#UNICEF #Rights #ChildRights #ProtectionOfChild #ChildAbuseAwareness #SchoolChildren #SaveTheChildren #Class #Caste #GeoGraphicLocation
Publisher:
CWIN, UNICEF ,   (2006 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
VIOLENCE, CHILDREN, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, CHILD ABUSE, ETHNICITY, STAKEHOLDERS, CHILD RIGHTS, GENDER, TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE, EARLY MARRIAGE, EXPLOITATION, CHILD MARRIAGE
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
14.05.03  -  Social Development
Reference Link:
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