United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
World Day Against Child Labour, 12 June
6/13/2018 9:43:23 AM

Kathmandu, 12 June 2018- The Nepal Labour Force Survey (NLFS) 2008 estimates the child population between 5 and 17 years of age to be 7.77 million, which is about 33 percent of the total population in the country Children constitute an integral part of the workforce engaged in both the formal and the informal sector.
This report, based on the data obtained during NLFS 2008, estimates that about 3.14 million children, i.e. about 40.4 percent of the child population in the 5 to 17 year age group, may be classified as children in employment (commonly called working children). Among these working children, the report further estimates that 1.60 million children, or almost 51 percent of all working children, fall into the category of child labour. Within the child labour category, 0.62 million children have been identified as being engaged in what is called hazardous work.
Child labour has been widespread in Nepal for many centuries, mostly in rural areas as part of the normal process of socialization.

 

Although the participation rate for children in Nepal is estimated at about 40.4 percent, there is a significant difference between that of girls (47.6 percent) and that of boys (36.1 per cent).
In Nepal, the majority of children are found working in the agricultural sector, followed by services, manufacturing and other sectors. They are mostly employed informally as domestic servants, porters, rag pickers or carpet factory workers, as well as in restaurants and in the transportation sector.
Depending on the sector, children may have to work long hours, carry heavy loads and face the risk of sexual exploitation.
Child labour has become a major concern for many countries in Asia. So often in the developing world children are removed from schooling and forced into exploitative forms of labour. In Nepal it is a particularly pressing problem. According to the Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008, there were about 7.77 million children in Nepal between 5 and 17 years of age, of which 50.7 per cent were boys and 49.3 per cent girls. That number has grown steadily as families have been broken apart by economic hardship, leaving children to fend for themselves. Children are often seen begging, or working in the streets, cafes, petrol stations, sometimes well into the night. Children, especially girls, are also sexually exploited for commercial purposes, especially in prostitution and pornography.
Trafficking of children is a regular phenomenon to which the thousands of children living in street and orphanages are particularly prone. Children constitute an integral part of the family workforce engaged in both the formal and the informal sector. Children, both boys and girls, begin working at a very young age and spend a considerable amount of time in productive and household activities. They help at home by running errands or helping their parents on family farms.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) states that children have the right to be protected “from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development”. Child labour is a widespread phenomenon in Nepal, and one that has not declined despite the existence of laws that prohibit especially burdensome forms of child labour and the efforts of many governmental, non - governmental, international and private organizations to protect child rights. An especially serious problem is the hazardous environment in which children work. [1] 

On this year's world day against Child Labour we call for
Free, compulsory and quality education for all children at least to the minimum age for admission to employment.
Establishment of a hamanitarian such as natural disasters like earthquakes.
Efforts to ensure that national policies on child labour and education are consistent and effective. [2]
 
References:
1. Nepal Child Labour Report Based On Data Drawn From The Nepal Labour Force Survey, (2008), un.info.np/Net/NeoDocs/View/1601 
2. World Day Against Child Labour, (2015 ), un.info.np/Net/NeoDocs/View/4873
 
Naziya Samad, Intern, UNIC Kathmandu 
 
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